Test Case vs Test Script Key Differences

But it does not support “assertions”, meaning you need to write your own code to check if the values are in fact the expected values. There might be complex logic around that, for example if the output is a price in an eCommerce system, you need to reference multiple business rules to see what is the right price in each case. The simulation partof the script can be automated using the built-in commands of the automation framework.

Should the team decide to test on a new platform, it will not be necessary to change the test case itself. For example, let’s assume that the password reset process does not work at all. Once a user encounters it, the frequency is “constant” and the effect is “catastrophic” as the user is locked out of the application. Therefore, testing the password reset process is a critical priority.

definition of scripted testing

When it comes to testing, a script is a plan that one follows to ensure all tasks are completed successfully and consistently, leaving the contributor with plenty of opportunities to provide feedback. For you to stay organized https://globalcloudteam.com/ and strategic, a script should be made for various types of tests, from usability and moderated tests to benchmark studies. Scenarios are not required to create GUI test cases but are helpful in guiding their development.

Scripted testing follows a written path of documented test cases and test steps, known as a test script. Scripted software testing doesn’t allow for deviation from the path defined by the script. The tester’s job in a scripted environment is to color within the lines, follow each instruction exactly, and report the results. Automated testing.Short program written in a programming language used to test part of the functionality of a software system. In the agile environment, there is little or no time to develop formal test design and scripts. Exploratory testing which is a context-driven testing approach is well-suited for agile development as it keeps up with the short scrum cycles.

The pilot should include execution of a typical test session with the tool followed by re-design of the test logs. The main purpose of the pilot is to measure the time needed for the re-design. Ongoing maintenance should be part of your automation testing process.

Continuous testing

This type of testing really challenges the tester to think and function as an end-user. Exploratory testing also challenges the tester to try and break the website by performing things that may really be outside a normal testing scenario. Understanding the statistically proven results of each method, in conjunction with strategic deployment of both resources and competencies allows us to fine-tune test strategy. Automate when possible, script when necessary, and allow your testers to explore. Software testing is defined as a process encompassing the design, generation, selection, and optimization of a set of test cases for testing a certain system or functionality. After user actions are simulated, we capture another screenshot of the application under test, and compare it to the baseline.

definition of scripted testing

Both manual and automated scripts exist to exercise the test case. Design flow means the maximum volume of wastewater estimated to be generated by a dwelling or non-dwelling facility in a twenty-four-hour period. It includes both a typical operating capacity and a surge capacity for the system during periodic heavy use events.

Visual regression testing

When the documentation is not properly available for business and functional requirements for the software, exploratory testing is more suitable option. Once you have a core set of test cases written, you can start to focus on expanding your test coverage to include lesser-used, edge cases. This approach merges the intuitive user approach of an exploratory tester, with the application-specific knowledge of a QA automation engineer or developer. When placed side to side, it’s easy to distill differences between the scripted and exploratory software testing methods. The table below does just that to highlight enough disparities for a clearer understanding both methods. Exploratory Testing – is usually performed in the moment and the tests cannot be reviewed in advance.

definition of scripted testing

The tester analyzes the results and reports any defects that are found to the development team. Scripted testing may be performed manually or supported by test automation. A test script is a set of instructions that are intended to test if the functionality of the software works properly. The test script is part of automation testing, when the team executes an automated test it’s based on a specific test script. The script is written in a specific programming language like Java, Python, and more. The tester writes the scripts and an automation tool performs the entire test, based on the script.

Using these basic elements of GUI automation,simulation and validation, you can test even very complex multi­step operations. In complex test scripts these elements will repeat themselves several times, each time for a different part of the user’s workflow. The initial activity of the test execution is to execute all existing regression automated test scripts . A common approach of implementing a pair exploratory testing is Pair Testing when exploratory testing is done with two testers and one machine. Another example might be a tester instructing the developer and taking notes.

You can conduct UX testing at any point in the development phase where user feedback is needed. It is not necessary to have a completed application prior to involving users. For example, focus groups can respond to screen-mockups or virtual walk-throughs of an application early in development. User’s point of view, GUI testing can provide a project team with information they need to decide whether an application is ready to deploy. Regression testing involves re-running previously-successful tests after code changes, to confirm that no additional defects have been introduced.

Product market fit and code base maturity

E2E testing tools capture and replay user actions, so E2E test plans then become recordings of key user experience flows. If a software product is lacking any kind of automated testing coverage, it will get the most value by implementing E2E tests of the most critical business flows. E2E tests can be expensive up front to capture and record the definition of scripted testing user flow sequence. If the software product is not doing rapid daily releases it can be more economical to have a human team manually execute through the E2E test plans. Automated tests can, like any piece of software, be poorly written or simply break during playback. They also can only examine what they have been programmed to examine.

We have to wait for a build, and then we can’t even log in, and we have to send them a bug back. So, maybe we start tooling around to run login test on every build, and if it doesn’t pass login, it doesn’t get promoted to test. By now, we have to have a lot of automated test because our software is really buggy. The prior work requirement makes scripted tests time intensive. You can rerun scripted tests in an automated way without much additional effort. Before we get into the details of scripted testing, a glance into its history should serve as a solid foundation for a complete comprehension of the matter.

Automated and manual testing both have their advantages and the most comprehensive understanding of an application will come from utilizing both techniques. DevOps practices and tools have many benefits for application development, deployment and monitoring in complex IT environments … Well, most of the time, they break login for any build, so that’s pretty bad, right?


Risks-to-explore are assumptions and these assumptions might present themselves as actual risks but only if we take the time to run focused exploration to find out. Use risks to guide where and what to explore and you’ll provide your team with an ongoing evaluation of test coverage. It is highly recommended to perform a pilot prior to the full implementation of the tool.

  • Test Scriptmeans a document that describes the steps and actions required to be undertaken by a Test Engineer to test a Module/Function Point.
  • The experience level of the testers, both with GUI testing in general and with the specific application being tested.
  • In Scripted testing to test specific functionality a tester follows a detailed step-by-step systematic approach.
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  • Using these basic elements of GUI automation,simulation and validation, you can test even very complex multi­step operations.

Once you know the language this is quite easy, because a framework like Selenium offers one-line commands to do object selection, clicking, waiting, or any other operation in the user interface. The simulation partof the script is relatively easy to capture with record/playback systems. You perform the relevant user actions and the system creates a script.

Prioritizing test cases for risk-based testing

A tester can then follow along and will know, based on the expected outcome, what should happen at the end of the test. Essentially, the tester will have “blinders” on and will do what they are instructed to do. One should consider the return on investment for automating any given test script, i.e. does the cost to build and maintain that script cost less than it would take to simply execute it manually. Where cost can be measured in terms of time and/or money but also the opportunity cost of not freeing up people to do other work. You need to build more scriptsto cover more parts of your application. You can only automatically test a feature if you create a script for it and make sure it works.

What is a Test Script?

If you like to create test script using this method, you will typically still have the ability to record or playback and generate a simple script. It is possible to view all the differences between the current screen under test and the “baseline” representing the correct functionality these are potential bugs. It’s always possible to simplify your script by doing less validationbut that’s a cop out. If you already have a test script running, not checking a few more parts of the interface under test is a shame.

Automation testing makes this possible, without taking team members away from other work. It can also deliver more accurate and reliable results than manual testing alone. Further ensuring that the product is ready for market or to move onto the next stage of development. Automated testing is a standard modern software development practice.

But the more you validate, the bigger your script gets and the more time is needed to maintain it. You need to cut down the number of scriptsbecause you don’t have enough time to author and maintain all of them. From the tester’s perspective this is not a big deal because you’re just using the keywords, and don’t need to deal with the code. However, this means you will have relatively few validation options at your disposal, and adding more will require help from development.

Exploratory testing

In this case, every time a new build of the software is created, certain automated tests of the user interface will be run and the result will be reported as part of the build results. A visual regression happens when a visual design flaw is introduced to software UI. This could be mispositioned UI elements, wrong font, wrong colors or more. As with exploratory testing there are tools out there to write automated tests to catch these regressions.


The test plans are developed alongside regular roadmap feature development then executed automatically by software continuous integration tools. Automated testing promotes lean QA team size and enables the QA team to focus on more sensitive features. Understand the differences between automated and manual software testing and learn how to plan an automated testing solution for your team. Simple − You should write a test script that only asks testers to do one unique activity. This ensures that each function is thoroughly evaluated and that no phases in the software testing process are overlooked. If the tester is continuously asking the project manager for information regarding the program.

Developers are responsible for implementing test script code for the keywords, and updating this code as required. So if you work in this methodology, very likely you do not need to worry about code. But you will be highly reliant on development resources for any new functionality you want to test automatically. You are probably familiar with tools likeHP Quick Test Professional, which help QA professionals create automated tests. With these tools, testers can perform a set of user actions on an application or website, “record” those user actions, and generate a test script that can “play back” or repeat those operations automatically. This is the penultimate stage in the automation testing process.

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